An ice clause is inserted into a bill of lading or charter party when a vessel is transported to a port that may be closed for ice shipping upon the vessel`s arrival or after the vessel arrives. The US Carriage of Goods by Sea Act (COGSA) and the United Kingdom Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1971 (which ratifies and contains the Hague-Visby rules) do NOT apply to chartered lots, but do not apply to charter lots (and similar documents such as ship supply markets or shipping letters).  Charter party is a transport contract for thinking in case of using a tramp. This means that the charter party will clearly and unequivocally set out the rights and obligations of the shipowner and the charterer and will resolve any subsequent disputes between them in court or in an agreed forum by referring to the agreed terms, as defined in the charter part. The name “Charter party” is an anglicization of the French charter part, that is, a doubly written document, so that each party retains half.   When a bill of lading is issued to the shipowner by the shipowner, the question arises as to which document is the dominant.   If a shipper returns a bill of lading to a carrier (perhaps as a pawn), the carrier will only hold it as a pledge. By pleasure boat is the most common charter-arrangement bareboat yacht charter. A time trip or charter is used only for larger yachts and is unusual. Charter yacht fleets are usually made up of boats of individuals or companies that use their boats only part-time or as an investment. A recent innovation in recreational transportation is Time-Share Chartering, in which several charterers are allocated a certain number of days per month or season in a manner similar to the time allocation of real estate. While a party to the charter is the contract between a shipowner and a charterer, a transport contract is concluded between the shipper and the carrier.
A carrier issues a shipper a bill of lading, a receipt of freight shipped, which also serves as proof of the transport contract. (In a charter charter, the charterer is the carrier; in a temporary or travel charter, the shipowner is the carrier). A firing clause is inserted in the rental parties which indicate as a safe port a safe port in a particular area, z.B area Havre/Hamburg. A finite mooring clause is inserted into a portion of the charter, i.e. the line begins to be counted as soon as the vessel arrives at the loading or unloading port, “whether it is qualière or not.” It protects the interests of shipowners from delays when ships have to wait for a berth. A charter party (sometimes charter party) is a maritime contract between a shipowner and a “charterer” for the rental of a ship for the transport of passengers or goods or a yacht for entertainment purposes. There are three main types of chartering: time, travel and shipwreck and another: A shipwreck charter works as a long rent of the ship, with the charterer fully responsible. In the charter of time and travel, the shipowner always directs the vessel, but when, in the port, the charterer is responsible for loading and unloading the vessel in the agreed time of the lay.